200604302158翻譯寫作 (94):迷信

1. 幾乎所有的迷信都來自於古時候的信仰和對大自然現象的恐懼,而且有趣的是,不同的國家有其獨特的迷信習俗。
Virtually all superstitions stem from beliefs held in ancient times and fears of natural phenomena. Additionally, it is intriguing that different nations have their own unique superstitious conventions.
【注意】(i) virtually = almost 幾乎 --> virtual (adj.)幾乎是的
例:The man is a virtual lunatic. 那個人根本是個瘋子。
(ii) superstition = super- (在...之上) + stit (站、矗立) + -ion (名詞字尾) ==> (n.C)迷信
(iii) stem from N. = spring from N. = result from N. = grow out of N. 起因於...
(iv) beliefs held = beliefs which were held 被抱持的想法
補充:harbor / entertain a belief 抱持一個想法
例:I harbor a belief that I'll succeed. 我抱持著我會成功的想法。
(v) in ancient times = in former times = in earlier times 古時候
(vi) 「有趣的是」要用 It is interesting that 這種句型去翻譯。
(vii) intrigue = in- (在...內) + trigue (trick,詭計、複雜) ==> (vt.)引起...興趣的
(viii) unique = uni (一) + -ique (法文形容詞字尾) ==> (adj.)獨特的
(ix) convention = custom = tradition 習俗
(x) 先從歷史點出主題的重要性,然後鋪橋敘述不同的文化的現象,最後給予個人意見收尾。

2. 世界上沒有其他民族能夠在迷信的數量上能勝過中華民族的,例如風水、算命、祭拜、婚禮、葬禮等都已經是極複雜的學問領域了。
No other people can beat the Chinese in the number of superstitions. For example, feng-shui, fortune-telling, worship, weddings, funerals, and so on, have become extremely intricate branches of learning.
【注意】(i) 注意要先把「中華民族」排除在外,因此要加上 other。
例:No other teacher is more handsome than Don. 沒有其他老師比唐還帥了。
(ii) beat A in B 在B方面勝過A
例:No other thing can beat a cup of coffee in refreshing a person.
(iii) 由於「例如」之後還有一個長句子,因此不用 like 或 such as,而用 for example。
(iv) feng-shui 風水 --> 跟 zen (禪) 一樣已經是一個英文單字了!
(v) worship 是及物動詞和不可數名詞!
例:Ancestor worship is unique to the Chinese. 祖先崇拜是中國人獨有的風俗。
(vi) learning 是不可數名詞,要用 branch (分支、門) 來使用複數:a branch of learning 一門學問。

3. 當然,對於忌諱的迷信絕不只是東方國家獨有的,理性的美國人和歐洲人 -- 縱然他們科技很先進 -- 仍然對許多事物抱持無可言喻的偏見,例如數字十三和星期五等。
Of course, superstitions about taboos are not in the least peculiar to Oriental countries. Such rational people as Americans and Europeans -- advanced as their technologies are -- still entertain ineffable biases toward numerous things, such as the figure 13, Friday, and so forth.
【注意】(i) superstitions about taboos 有關忌諱的迷信
補充:a taboo word 禁忌詞、It is under taboo. 這是個禁忌。
(ii) not in the least = not at all 一點也不
(iii) be peculiar to N. = be unique to N. 為...所獨有的
例:This style of cooking is peculiar to the Japanese. 這種烹飪方式是日本人獨有的。
(iv) such A as B 如同B這樣的A
例:Discussing such taboo subjects is not suitable for such a graceful lady as you.
(v) adj. / 分詞 + as + S. V. .... 縱然...
例:Poor as I am, I work hard. 我縱然窮還是努力工作。
(vi) entertain 在此和 harbor 一樣,表示「懷有(想法)」。
(vii) ineffable = unspeakable = undescribable 無可言喻的
(viii) have a bias toward N. 對...有偏見
例:I have a bias toward classical music. 我對古典樂有偏見(反感)。
(ix) figure (n.C)數字、人物、身材

4. 其實,許多的真理起初都是源於迷信,就如同宗教的形成、風俗的建立、文化的傳遞都與迷信密切相關。
In fact, many truths initially originate in superstitions, just as the formation of religions, establishment of customs, and transmission of cultures are inextricably related to superstitions.
【注意】(i) initially = originally = in the beginning = at first 起初、一開始
(ii) A originate in B = A take / find its origin in B (A起源於B)
例:This tradition takes its origin in Middle East. 這傳統起源於中東。
(iii) just as 後面要接完整子句,而 just like 後面要接名詞。
例:Don't you wish your girlfriend were smart just like me?
(iv) 「宗教的形成、風俗的建立、文化的傳遞」這三個名詞都當主詞用,因此都要用名詞,寫成「A, B, and C」的串連形式。
(v) be related to N. = be concerned / associated / connected with N. 與...相關
例:Surveys indicate that smoking is associated with habits.
(vi) inextricable = in- (不) + ex- (向外) + tric (複雜) + -able (能夠的) ==> (adj.)無法脫離的
注意:此處的 inextricably 也可換為 unseparably。

5. 此外,研究每一個文化中的迷信傳統都是很值得的,無論我們相信與否 -- 畢竟,面對不確定的未來,有個對厄運的心理保護措施也很好啊。
On top of that, it is worthwhile to study superstitious traditions in every culture, whether we believe in them or not -- after all, in the face of uncertain future, it is not bad to have a mental safeguard against ill luck.
【注意】(i) on top of that = besides = additionally = moreover 此外
(ii) It is worthwhile + to Vr. / V-ing 做...是值得的
例:It is worthwhile studying waterbirds. 研究水鳥是值得的。
(iii) 如果「無論」的後面有兩個選擇,則用 whether,如果沒有,則用 no matter。
例:Whether you like it or not, I'll buy it. 無論妳喜不喜歡,我都要買。
例:No matter where you go, I'll follow you. 無論妳去哪裡,我都跟著妳。
(iv) believe N. 相信...的真實性 --> 比較:believe in N. 相信...的存在或能力
例:I don't believe you. 我不相信你(說的話是真的)。
例:I believe in you. 我相信你辦得到(你有能力)。
(v) after all = in the final analysis 終究、畢竟
(vi) have a safeguard against N. 對於...有預防措施
例:Do you have any safeguard against accidents? 你們有防止事故的安全措施吧?
(vii) bad / hard / tough / ill / poor luck 運氣不佳

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