200602150058翻譯寫作 (75):運動的好處

1. 眾所皆知,運動可以促進血液循環、改善心肺功能,以及使我們的繁忙生活更多采多姿。
Based on general belief, doing sports can contribute to blood circulation, enhance the functions of hearts and lungs, and add much color to our hectic daily life.
【注意】(i) based on general belief = as everyone knows = according to public opinion 眾所皆知
(ii) do sports 做運動 (常指戶外而大型的運動)
比較:do exercise 做運動 (常指個人而較普遍的小型運動)
(iii) contribute to N. = be of help for N. = be beneficial to N. 對...有助益
例:Doing exercise is beneficial to health. 做運動有益健康。
(iv) circulate = circul (圓圈、旋轉) + -ate (及物動詞字尾) ==> (vi.)循環、流通
同字根單字:circle、circular、cycle、recycle、encyclopedia...等。
(v) enhance = strengthen = improve = build up 改善、增強...
例:Swimming strengthens my muscles. 游泳增強我的肌肉。
(vi) function = funct (作用) + -ion (名詞字尾) ==> (n.C)功能 (vi.)發揮功能
同字根單字:perfunctory、malfunction..等。
(vii) add color to N. 使..增添趣味 --> 此片語中的 color 為不可數名詞!
(viii) hectic 修飾 life,而 bustling 修飾城市或街道!
(ix) 先點明運動的各種好處,然後列舉 (引經據典) 更深入的優點,最後以個人觀感做結論。

2. 根據醫學研究,規律地做運動不但可抒解工作中難以承受的壓力,更可提供多餘精力發洩的管道。
According to medical research, doing exercise on a regular basis can at once alleviate unbearable pressure from work and provide an outlet for extra vigor.
【注意】(i) research 作為名詞通常為不可數,當作不及物動詞時後面常配上 on 或 into。
例:We are researching into aboriginal cultures. 我們在研究原住民文化。
(ii) on a regular basis = regularly = constantly 經常地、規律地
(iii) at once A and B = both A and B = not only A and B 不只是A而且還B
例:Don is at once handsome and wise. 唐既英俊又明智。
(iv) alleviate / ease / cut down (on) pressure 減輕壓力
(v) pressure from N. = stress from N. 來自於...的壓力 --> 小心介係詞!
(vi) an outlet for N. = a vent for N. 發洩...的管道
補充:give vent to N. 發洩...
例:The youths gave vent to their anger in demonstrations. 那些年輕人以示威來表達憤怒。
(vii) extra vigor = surplus energy 多餘的精力

3. 除此之外,運動作為嗜好還可以幫助我們交到志同道合的朋友,因為參加比賽可訓練團隊合作。
On top of all these, exercise as a hobby can help us make friends who share the same attitudes toward life, for joining in games can train us in teamwork.
【注意】(i) on top of N. = apart from N. = in addition to N. 除了...之外
(ii) as a hobby 是介係詞片語,補充說明 exercise 可作為 hobby 用。
(iii) an attitude toward N. 對...的態度 --> 小心介係詞需用 toward!
(iv) join in + 活動 = take part in + 活動 (加入...)
比較:join + 人 (加入...)
例:Would you care to join us? 你願意加入我們嗎?
(v) train + 人 + in + 方面 (訓練...) --> train 的後面不接「事物」!
例:We need to train her in etiquette. 我們必須訓練她禮儀。
(vi) teamwork (n.U)團隊合作 --> team spirit 團隊精神

4. 誠然,有些運動是很花錢的,比如說高爾夫或賽車,但儘管如此,對於那些用腦多過於動手的很多人來說,適量的運動是必要的。
To be sure, some sports are costly, like golf or car racing; for all that, moderate exercise is essential to those who work more with their heads than with their hands.
【注意】(i) to be sure 誠然、固然 --> 後面常與 but 搭配一起出現!
例:To be sure, the plan is effective, but it is expensive. 誠然這計畫很有效,但也很昂貴。
(ii) for all that = with all that = despite all that 儘管如此 --> 副詞用法!
例:He is wealthy, but for all that, he's unhappy. 他很有錢,但儘管如此還是很不快樂。
(iii) moderate = mode (形式、規格) + -er (行為者) + -ate (形容詞字尾) ==> (adj.)適度的
同字根單字:mode、mold、modest、modify、model、modern、commodity...等。
(iv) essential = necessary = indispensable 必須的、不可或缺的
(v) 本句最後用兩個「with 片語」做對比,形成「more with A than with B」的平行句。

5. 身體就像是機械一樣:越少運作就越會生鏽,所以為了要遠離疾病,讓我們一起發揮運動的優點吧!
Bodies resemble machines -- the less they operate, the more likely they are to get rusty -- so with a view to fighting shy of diseases, let's turn sports to (their own) advantage together!
【注意】(i) resemble = look like 像是...
resemble = re- (一再) + sem (相同) + -ble (能夠) ==> (vt.)與...相似
同字根單字:assemble、semblance、sample...等。
(ii) operate (vi.)運作、動手術 (vt.)操作
例:She demonstrated how to operate the machine. 她示範如何操作那機器。
(iii) be likely to Vr. 可能會... --> 主詞常用於「非虛主詞」時!
例:Mary is likely to resign. = It's possible for Mary to resign.
瑪麗可能會辭職。
(iv) with a view to V-ing = in order to Vr. 為了要...
(v) fight shy of N. = ward off N. = avoid N. 避免...
例:The ceremony can ward off evil spirits. 這儀式可避免惡靈。
(vi) turn N. to (one's) advantage 使...優點發揮 --> advantage 在此用單數!
例:They failed to turn the crisis to its advantage. 他們未能充分利用那次危機。
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