200902191416[英文單字說]Amulet


An amulet (from Latin amuletum; earliest extant use in Natural History [Pliny], meaning "an object that protects a person from trouble"), a close cousin of the talisman (from Arabic طلاسم tilasm, ultimately from Greek telesma or from the Greek word "talein" which means "to initiate into the mysteries") consists of any object intended to bring good luck and/or protection to its owner. Potential amulets include: gems or simple stones, statues, coins, drawings, pendants, rings, plants, animals, etc.; even words said in certain occasions—for example: vade retro satana—(Latin, "go back, Satan"), to repel evil or bad luck.


Amulet是避邪物,是防止所有的邪物入侵。避邪物主要是保護他的主人,不受到邪惡事物的侵擾。例如:惡鬼不能近身..等等之類的

Talisman['tælɪsmən]則是護身符,通常都只有特定的公用,例如:讓他的主人力大無窮,讓他的主人刀槍不入...特定的護身符有特定的公用,不像是辟邪物般,是防止所有的邪物入侵。

Charm其實是代表符咒,是有法力的避邪物,不是護身符,所以你可以說Charm跟Amulet類似,但是材質不同,Charm通常是一張紙,或是類似的物質,而Amulet大多是鐵製,小雕像之類的東西???

Charms, Amulets & Talismans

A charm is worn to attract good luck, an amulet provides protection from danger, and a talisman is used to attract a particular benefit to the owner.

CHARMS
  The word 'charm' comes from the French~'charme', which means song. Almost anything can be used as a charm. Buttons and coins are good examples. Lucky charms are normally carried on the person, but there are always exceptions ofcourse. Perfect example of a charm not worn on the person: the little angels that some people have in their cars for protection.
The Ankh is a personal favorite of mine. It is an ancient Egyptian symbol for everlasting life. It also wards off illness and disease, so could also be used as an amulet and charm. I used to wear a sterling silver version around my neck all the time, now it hangs above my head where I sleep in the bedroom.

AMULETS
  Amulets have been worn for protection for thousands of years. Originally, amulets were natural items, such as an animal's tooth or semi-precious stone. However, people can make an amulet out of anything they like. Knots make effective amulets because they were believed to catch evil spirits.
  Take your time choosing an amulet, think about it's purpose, your intent and how you will wear or carry it. Sometimes an amulet will find the owner when the owner is in need of one.
I personally wear a black onyx in the shape of the 'typical crystal' on a necklace, this protects me and helps keep me safe.  (Black Onyx is also one stone that is a favorite to my personal deity, *Hecate ...a special reason why this amulet is always with me-night and day.  I feel naked without it...just like if I were to not have a pentacle on, it is a form of protection.  A bone pentacle resides in my car to keep it and myself safe while driving. I wear a double pentacle sterling silver ring, and a gorgeous but small celtic pentacle around my neck...these are what is right for me, though.)

TALISMANS
  Because talismans are intended to provide power, energy and specific benefits, they are often made at times that are believed to be spiritually significant. They are frequently made from stone, metal, or parchment as these can be easily inscribed with words or pictures to add additional power.
The most famous talisman is a six pointed star, made from two overlapping triangles. The upward pointing triangle symbolizes fire, the sky, and male energy. The downward pointing triangle symbolizes water, earth, and female energy.  Sound familiar to anyone???  (hint: not a pentagram)


GEMSTONES AS AMULETS & TALISMANS


Crystals and gemstones have been used as amulets and talismans for thousands of years. The best crystal or gemstone to use is one that appeals to you. Each colored gemstone has a different personality...if you are looking for something particular, here is a simple guide to help:

Red: passion, energy. Ruby, Garnet, Red Jasper

Orange: close relationship and personal satisfaction. Citrine, Carnelian, Orange Sapphire

Yellow: fun-filled, joyful aspects of life. Yellow Beryl, Topaz

Green: hardwork, accomplishment. Emerald, Peridot, Tourmaline

Blue: enhance clarity, perception. Lupis Lazuli, Sapphire, Blue Tourmaline

Indigo: caring for others. Sodalite, Iolite

Violet: spiritual truth, higher consciousness. Amethyst, Garnet, Purple Ruby

Pink: stimulating and energizing. Rubellite, Tourmaline, Rose Beryl, Rose Quartz

Clear: pure energy, nurturing,loving, successful. Clear Quartz, Diamond

Silver: peaceful and gentle but great power too. Hematite

Gold: use when aiming high. Pyrite, Tiger's Eye

http://www.lavenslair.com/CharmsAmuletsTalismans.html

periapt
fetish
sacred object
apotropaion
lucky piece
good-luck piece
============================
Title: amulet護身符 Key words: amulet護身符; lucky幸運的; auspicious吉祥的; inauspicious不祥的; blessing祝福; superstitious迷信的; fate命運; theory of destiny宿命論
 Related questions:
 1 do you have your own amulet?你有自己的護身符嗎?
 2 do you really think a good-featured amulet can bring you good luck?你真的認為一個好看的護身符更給你自己帶來好運嗎?
 3 what special meaning of your amulet?你的護身符有什麼特殊意義?
 4 did you find your own amulet or by your parents?你自己找的護身符還是你父母給你求的?
 5 are there many people around you who believe in it?你身邊有很多人相信這個東西嗎?
 Possible arguments:
 1 nothing special. I just bought it for fun. 沒什麼特別的,我買著玩的。
 2 I don't know whether I believe it or not. I just jumped on the bandwagon. Many people around me have their amulet.我也不知道自己相信不相信這個。我只是跟風而已。我周圍很多人有護身符。
 3 it is more and more like an identity or symbol, an individual one in particular. That is cool.它越來越像是個標誌或符號,尤其是個人的標誌,很酷。
 4 as an adult man with higher education, that is too superstitious for me to have an amulet around my neck or ankle or somewhere. I don't believe it.
 作為個受過高等教育的成年人,在脖子、腳踝或別的什麼地方帶個護身符對我來說太迷信了,我不信這個。
  http://www.starryclub.com/bbs/Print.asp?tid=685
 
 
 Conclusion: young people may take amulet just as a means for fun, maybe nothing special, while older people may not even bat it an eye.
 總結:年輕人帶護身符就為了好玩,沒別的特殊含義,而年長的人可能都不會正眼看它。

延伸閱讀:
http://www.occultopedia.com/a/amulet.htm
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亞洲大學視覺傳達設計學系兼任講師 20120910-20170120
嶺東科技大學科技商品設計系兼任講師 20130220-20140110
國立交通大學應用藝術研究所碩士 論文:「以聯想與類比推理來激發創意之研究」,1998
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