200902201152[英文單字說]AMATEUR

AMATEUR['æməˌʧur]---------(愛磨球)

  體育和藝術活動往往有兩種不同的人參與。一種是以體育和藝術活動為職業的人,英語稱為professionals,另一種人是體育和藝術活動的愛好者,他們就是amateurs。

  amateur是個中性詞,並不帶有貶義。但是由於業餘愛好者在技藝上,通常比不上專業人士,所以有時就被視為外行,這也引申出amateurish就是個貶義詞,意為「不熟練的」、「外行的」、「蹩腳的」。

  She is a good amateur violin player. 她是一位出色的業餘小提琴演奏者。(中性詞,所以可以加good形容。)

  The performance of that piano player is very amateurish. 鋼琴演奏者水平太差。(貶義)[ˌæmə'tɝɪʃ]

業餘的意思

  這是假期管弦樂團時葉樹涵老師教我們的話

  他說的當然是業餘音樂家。他說真正幸福的是能當一個業餘的音樂家,沒有同業競爭壓力。沒有個人形象顧慮,沒有商場上的勾心鬥角。Amateur可以沒有任何顧慮的去愛那本來就很美的音樂。可以去讚嘆任何一個音樂家的琴技;可以去高高興興去參加任何一場音樂會。而如獲至寶;可以學習那永遠沒有境界的提琴技術。

  我覺得,Amateur才能真正體會音樂,也唯有Amateur可以在自己演奏的。不完美中去體會音樂的完美,唯有Amateur可以在好朋友面前大談闊論,古典音樂的美。Amateur永遠在學,學著怎麼聽;怎麼奏;怎麼體會。

  我想好好定義所謂的業餘。一天的開始,或許大家認真的作自己的工作,天一暗,就把琴盒打開,化身成一個音樂家,我們可以自己一個人沈醉。在自己的音樂裡,也可以和人一起合奏並對罵對方的音不準。業餘音樂家不是職業,而是一個團體,有共同信念,共同喜好,共同話題。業餘音樂家就是,脫下了工作服,比音樂家還像音樂家。

  我高中有兩個夢,一個是在音樂廳上演奏德彿札克cello concerto,另一個是在大草原演奏巴哈無伴奏。前面是希望自己成為音樂家。後者是希望自己是業餘音樂家。

http://www.chu.edu.tw/~kaku/cello/amateur.htm

An amateur is generally considered a person attached to a particular pursuit, study, or science, without formal training or pay. Conversely, an expert is generally considered a person with extensive knowledge, ability, and/or training in a particular area of study, while a professional is someone who also makes a living from it. Translated from its French origin to the English "lover of", the term "amateur" reflects a voluntary motivation to work as a result of personal passion for a particular activity.

As with any construct, amateurism can be seen in both a negative and positive light. Since amateurs often do not have training, amateur work can sometimes be seen as sub-par. For example, amateur athletes in sports such as basketball or football are not regarded as having the same level of ability as professional athletes.

Alternatively, the lack of financial recompense can also be seen as a sign of commitment to an activity. For instance, until the 1970s most Olympic events required that the athletes be amateurs. Receiving payment to participate in an event disqualified an athlete from that event, as in the case of Jim Thorpe. In the Olympic games, this rule remains in place for boxing.

Amateurs make valuable contributions in the fields of computer programming through the open source movement. Amateur Dramatics is the performance of either plays or musical theater, often to high standards but lacking the budgets of the professional West End or Broadway performances. Astronomy and ornithology have also benefited from the activity of amateurs.

Pursuing amateur activities to the same standards as professionals is sometimes referred to as professional amateurism.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amateur
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亞洲大學視覺傳達設計學系兼任講師 20120910-20170120
嶺東科技大學科技商品設計系兼任講師 20130220-20140110
國立交通大學應用藝術研究所碩士 論文:「以聯想與類比推理來激發創意之研究」,1998
國立成功大學工業設計學系學士

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