200902230817[英文單字說]AMNESTY

pardon, amnesty

grace | 11 October, 2007 10:25

pardon[ˋpɑrdn]: 赦免, 寬恕, 原諒 (可以當動詞或是名詞)
amnesty[ˋæm͵nɛstɪ]: 大赦, 特赦 (通常用在政府或是總統給予罪犯, 尤其是政治犯, 免於服刑的特權)

有的時候兩個字可以交換使用

  Officials from the Presidential office say they have sent the special pardon documents to release Yang Ru-men, the so-called Rice Bomber, down to Gaoxiong for President Chen Shui-bian to sign. The pardoned "Rice Bomber" .... Yang Ru-men ... has called for more public concern for the well-being of the country's children and farmers.
  His early release as part of President Chen Shui-bian's "special amnesty" has been the center of controversy - with some legal experts saying that releasing Yang makes a mockery of Taiwan's judicial system.

  不過用在 "減刑條例" 時, 多半使用 - The Legislative Yuan has passed an amnesty bill that allows prisoners serving sentences of 18 months or less to be released after they have done half of their time.

http://www.icrt.com.tw/blog/index.php?op=ViewArticle&articleId=56&blogId=3

Amnesty International (commonly known as Amnesty or AI) is an international non-governmental organisation which defines its mission as "to conduct research and generate action to prevent and end grave abuses of human rights and to demand justice for those whose rights have been violated."[2] Founded in London, England in 1961, AI draws its attention to human rights abuses and campaigns for compliance with international standards. It works to mobilise public opinion which exerts pressure on individuals who perpetrate abuses.[2] The organisation was awarded the 1977 Nobel Peace Prize for its "campaign against torture"[3] and the United Nations Prize in the Field of Human Rights in 1978,[4] but has been the subject of criticism for both alleged anti-Western and alleged pro-Western bias.[5][6]
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amnesty_International

國際特赦組織(Amnesty International,簡稱AI),是一個人權監察的國際性非政府組織,於1961年創立,由世界各國民間人士組成,監察國際上違反人權的事件。現時在全世界已經有超過二百萬名會員,國際特赦組織是全球最大的人權組織。根據組織的簡介,「我們奉行並推廣《世界人權宣言》及其他國際法的人權法則,主要的工作為預防及終止肆意侵犯身體以至精神方面的健全、表達良心的自由以及免受歧視的自由。」

國際特赦組織獲得1977年的諾貝爾和平獎。
http://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E5%9C%8B%E9%9A%9B%E7%89%B9%E8%B5%A6%E7%B5%84%E7%B9%94

A sentence commutation program就是一項減刑計劃。在犯罪新聞中,經常用到的「減刑」就是commutation [͵kɑmjʊˋteʃən]。Commutation means when a punishment is changed to one that is less severe.

另一個詞彙則是緩刑probation [proˋbeʃən]。

Probation means a period of time when a criminal must behave well and not commit any more crimes in order to avoid being sent to prison.

緩刑的意思是說,當一個罪犯必須表現良好,而且不再犯任何罪,以避免被送進監牢。這通常是指初犯,而且是比較輕的罪,法官會給予緩刑的判決。
http://epochtimes.com/gb/7/4/29/n1693619.htm

延伸閱讀:
http://www.wufi.org.tw/republic/rep11-20/no17_05.htm

回應
==========
關鍵字
==========

亞洲大學視覺傳達設計學系兼任講師 20120910-20170120
嶺東科技大學科技商品設計系兼任講師 20130220-20140110
國立交通大學應用藝術研究所碩士 論文:「以聯想與類比推理來激發創意之研究」,1998
國立成功大學工業設計學系學士

    沒有新回應!