201604251826【警大考試-警大英文】105警大研究所英文解析

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中央警察大學105學年度

研究所碩士班入學考試試題詳解

【警大考試-警大英文-呂艾肯】

前言導讀: 

今年的警大研究所英文題型如同以往分成第一部分單字片語、第二部分中英翻譯、第三部分段落閱讀理解,以及最後一個部份就是英文作文。

 

跟去年相比較為不同的地方有:

第一部分單字片語:

不再是各5個中英文單字片語題型的中英解釋,改成4個中文片語翻譯成英文和一個英文片語翻譯成中文後,再五題警察專業英文的選擇題。坦白說難易度不變。

 

第二部分中英翻譯:

以往都是英翻中大概2-3題的題目,今年換成一題中翻英,以及兩題英翻中。個人認為中翻英要翻的信、達、雅較為困難。而其餘兩題英翻中,明顯簡單許多。

 

第三部分段落閱讀理解:

去年這一部分,出題老師別出心裁,要求看完文章後,用英文回答出四個問題來。再用中文回答四題問題。中文的答分報酬率還比較高,每題3分。英文每題才2分。今年則是用了101年外交3等特考的一篇有關馬可波羅的克漏字與一篇閱讀測驗來測試考生的閱讀能力技巧。必須說,答題方面各有其難度,也表示出題者對於考卷的信度是頗為一致的。

 

第四部份英文作文:

全部題型中,此部分佔的分數最重,30%。今年的題目跟去年很類似都是時事題。去年考Mobile Police Station” and its Impacts   行動派出所以及其影響層面,今年則考同意或不同意(agree or disagree) ”police visibility: Increasing police visibility is a good policy to better public security. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.”對於警察能見度能使公共安全更好是項良好的政策。用幾個特定理由和例子來支持你的論點我想應該是在討論北市那起割頸悲劇吧。這邊必須要說,如果你的答案是同意這觀點的話,我想你的分數就不會好到哪去了。因為在101年的警大研究所英文第二部分中英翻譯,第一題這題英翻中,就是在講堪薩斯市的加強巡邏測試結果。這是一個相當有名的警政實驗。不知道這個實驗的結論,我想大概就拿不到什麼好分數了。不過,就如同我在影片中的題型介紹,我還是認為要用”police presence”這個名詞片語比較好。

總結: 

以上是有關於105警大研究所的一個前言導讀,歡迎各位有問題的話請來信指導,一樣在最後也預祝各位

 

  別:各所     目:英文

一、 Vocabulary and Phrases

1.digital evidence 數位跡證

2.informant 線人   

(按下可參考blog另一篇有關麥特戴蒙演的informant裡面有盜用公款此單字警大研究所有考過喔)

3.INTERPOL 國際刑警組織

4.polygraph 測謊 (105學測一篇克漏字就是在講測謊; 過幾天整理好放上來大家參考參考)

5.in the line of duty 執行勤務中 類似 on duty

  This ​year ​alone five ​police ​officers have been ​assulted in the line of ​duty.

  光在今年就有五位員警在執行勤務時被攻擊!

6.The violence outside the city hall ___________ soon after the police force put down the riot.

 (A) expired  v.期滿, 斷氣, 呼氣

 (B) subsided  v. 退落;消失;平息

 (C) redirected  v. 重寄, 使改變方向

 (D) instilled vt.慢慢地灌輸

  警方壓制了這場暴動不久後,市政府外的暴力行為就平息落幕了

7.The police _______________ the whole area after fires were discovered in the high-rise building.

 (A) cordoned off 封鎖,隔離

 (B) congested with 堵塞

 (C) posted to 寄到貼到

 (D) emancipated from 解放

 在高層建築發現火警後,警方封鎖了整個區域。

8.The accused ___________ against the death sentence to the Supreme Court.

  (A) adhered v. 緊粘; 堅持; 遵守; 依附

  (B) accommodated v. 幫助,予人方便,使適應,和解; 供應

  (C) adjusted v. 調節; 校正; 改變...以適應

  (D) appealed v. 訴請; 求助; ...上訴

 被告向最高法院抗告死刑的判決。

9. ___________ is a person who is involved with another in the commission of a crime whether as a principal or as an accessory.

(A) Escort  n. 護送者, 護航艦, 護衛者

(B) Accomplice n. 幫兇,共犯

(C) Abettor  n. 教唆煽動者

(D) Informant  n. 線人

共犯即為參與了一項犯罪行為,不管他是主腦或依從的人。

10. He gave a ___________ to the police telling them how he killed his wife.

(A) commitment n. 託付; 下獄; 委任

(B) narrator n. 解說員; 旁白

(C) commandment n. 戒律

(D) confession n. 自白, 招供

他向警方坦白告知是如何殺害妻子。

 

二、 Translation

(一)中翻英 (10 )

在全球化趨勢下,犯罪國際化日益嚴重。因此,「打擊跨國犯罪」已 是全球警政的核心。我國亦積極與各國執法機關建立情報合作管道,蒐集運輸販毒、國際詐欺、恐怖活動、人口販運、武器走私、駭客入侵,網路洗錢等犯罪情資,期能掃蕩不法,使跨國犯罪無所遁形,民眾免於被害。

(請參考去年104年外事組研究所翻譯)

With the sweeping trend of globalization, internationalized crimes are getting serious. Therefore, “Fight against cross-border crimes” is the core of global policing. Taiwan is also actively engaged in building up cooperative intelligence channel with law enforcement departments in other countries and collecting those criminal intelligence such as drug trafficking, international fraud, terrorist attacks, human trafficking, weapon smuggling, hackers trespass, cyber money laundry ...so as to wipe out all illegal activities, bring to light the trans-border crimes and protect citizens from victimization.

 

(二)英翻中 (20 )

1. The treatment to be given the offender cannot alter the fact of the offense, but we can take measures to reduce 3.the chance 2.of similar acts 1.occurring in the future. We should banish the criminal, not in order to exact revenge nor directly to encourage reform, but (in order) to deter that person and others from further illegal attacks on society.

給予罪犯的矯正無法改變已犯下的罪行,但我們可以採取措施,以減少日後發生類似行為的可能。我們排除犯罪者,不是為了確切的報復,也非是鼓勵悔改,而是為了嚇止該人及他人不會在社會上做出進一步的非法危害。

 

2. A police officer is permitted to use the amount of force necessary only to overcome 2.the resistance or aggression 1.that is presented by the subject. When the resistance or aggression is reduced, the officer must reduce his or her force correspondingly.

警方只有為了要壓制目標對象出現抗拒或攻擊行為時,才允許使用必要的對應武力。當抗拒或攻擊行為減緩時,警方也一定要相對地降低其武力行為。

 

三、 Reading Comprehension(20 ) (一)請依下文回答第 1 題至第 5

Marco Polo literally changed the Western view of the world. European maps in his time were __1__ on Biblical interpretations and classical mythology. Jerusalem was at the center. At the margins the map-makers drew monsters and savages, because there, __2__ the Christian center, Nature herself was believed to be monstrous. Then __3__ Polo’s book Travels, describing great civilizations in the East, and a world not centered on Jerusalem, politically or geographically. This recasting of the world into a more dynamic and multi-centered geographical space was the first step toward __4__ we now call globalization. Travels appeared in popular anthologies circulating in Europe in the 15th and 16th centuries. Christopher Columbus had an early copy, and made notes in the margins. He later __5__ America while searching out a western route to Polo’s Cathay.

文章出處: 101年公務人員三等外國文試題

1.

(A) based 根據

(B) place

(C) situated

(D) supported

2.

(A) in the vicinity of  大約在.....(數字,區域) 附近

(B) far from 

(C) in lieu of  代替

(D) close to

3. (A) came (B) existed (C) lied (D) stood

4. (A) which (B) what (C) that (D) where

5.

(A) jumped into 一頭栽進

 

(B) took after ~...相似

 

(C) bungled into 搞砸

(D) diverged from 分歧


 

(二)請依下文回答第 6 題至第 10

In recent years, issues of public and personal safety have become a major concern to many people around the world. Violent incidents in fast food restaurants, parking lots, hospitals, schools and colleges, and shopping malls have led many to seek greater security inside their homes and in many public buildings and areas as well. Sales of burglar alarms, motion detectors, and closed circuit television systems (CCTV) have skyrocketed since 2000.

Convenience stores, gas stations, jewelry stores, and even the postal service have barricaded their staffs behind safety glass enclosures and focus cameras on many work stations that involve handling money. Communities employ private security forces and encourage homeowners to install alarm systems and other security devices. While some people sympathize with the reasons behind these efforts, others have voiced concern that these measures are helping to create a siege mentality. There is fear that such a mentality will lead to a general distrust of others among people that could foster a dangerous isolation within neighborhoods and among neighbors.

近年來,公共安全和人身安全議題已成為世上許多人的關注焦點。在速食店,停車場,醫院,學校,大學和購物商場的暴力事件已導致許多人尋求家園裡,許多公共建築和區域裡有更高規格的防範。自2000年以來防盜警報器,動作探測器和閉路電視系統(CCTV)的銷量飛漲,便利商店加油站珠寶店以及就連郵政服務都將工作人員阻隔在安全玻璃空間內,有關金錢方面的工作站都有聚焦好的相機。社區僱用私人保安並鼓勵屋主加裝警報系統和其他安全設備。雖然有些人對這樣作法背後的原因感到同情,但也有些人表示,對於這些措施助長了製造心靈的枷鎖(自我封閉)而感到憂慮。這樣心態下的恐懼將導致對他人普遍的不信任,這可能會在人們中對社區鄰里間築起危險的隔離。

 

6.The passage suggests which of the following about community security?

文章中暗示關於社區安全下列何者?

(A) Communities are more dangerous today than they were before the year 2000.

(B) Too much concern for security could destroy trust among neighbors.

對於安全過於憂慮下可能導致摧毀鄰里間的信任

(C) Poor security has led to an increase in public violence.

(D) Isolated neighborhoods are unsafe neighborhoods.

 

7.The word foster in the last sentence most nearly means

(A) adopt

(B) encourage鼓舞支援

(C) prevent

(D) secure

 

8.The author believes that

作者相信

(A) More security is needed to make neighborhoods safer.

(B) People should spend more on home security.

(C) People should not ignore the problems created by excessively safety concerns.

人們不應忽略因過度對於安全的憂慮而產生的問題

(D) Security devices are the best protection against violent crime.

 

9.According to the author, security devices have skyrocketed since 2000. What does it mean?

根據作者保全設備需求自2000年開始快速攀升。意指?

(A) People like to live a life full of variety of security devices.

(B) The need of security devices has dramatically increased among people.

保全設備的需求在人們當中戲劇性地增長

(C) The prices of security devices are on the increase.

(D) Security devices have changed a lot since 2000.

 

10.In the second last sentence, the phrase siege mentality means

倒數第二句話中siege mentality意指?

(A) hostility

(B) defensiveness n. 守勢, 防守狀態; 防禦物

(C) fear

(D) corruption


 

四、 Essay(30 )

Write an essay on the topicPolice Visibility (見警) Do you agree or disagree with the following statement

Increasing police visibility is a good policy to better public security. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.

增加見警率能使公共安全更好是項良好的政策。用幾個特定理由和例子來支持你的論點。


 

 

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