200802281541Foucault, Michel (1926-1984)
200802280014Rorty, Richard (1931-)
200802271708Kant, Immanuel (1724-1804)
200802271514 HENRY BERGSON
HENRY BERGSON (1859-1941) was born in Paris to an English mother and a Polish-Jewish father, and grew up with French as his mother tongue. He spent his working life as a university teacher of philosophy, but was such an attracttive writer that he was widely read and influential outside universites. In 1927 he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature. Among his best-known books are Time and Free Will (1889), Matter and Memory (1896), and Creative Evolution (1907). In the latter years of his thought took a religious turn, and he may have been received into the Roman Catholic church shortly before his death; if so, the move was deliberately delayed and kept secret, because he did not want to seem to desert the Jewish people while they were being persecuted by the Nazis, and while France was under German occupation.