200907291727learning english(68)Obama, Congress seek deal on economic stimulus

Republicans in the U.S. Senate accepted on Thursday President Barack Obama's offer to search for a compromise on an economic stimulus bill that could end up costing around $900 billion, as long as tax cuts play a large role.

The Senate is expected to start considering the massive bill next week, following passage on Wednesday in the House of Representatives of a slightly smaller bill, without the support of a single Republican.

Vice President Joe Biden, in a possible bow to Republicans, said there could be changes in some of the bill's spending and tax provisions once House and Senate negotiators meet to work out a compromise bill next month.

If the U.S. fiscal picture was not bad enough, with budget deficits running rampant, there was yet another dark cloud on the horizon.

Sen. Charles Schumer, a senior member of the Senate Banking Committee, said that if Washington undertakes an effort to buy up bad assets from struggling U.S. banks, it could cost taxpayers up to $4 trillion.

But for now, the economic stimulus was center stage on Capitol Hill. "We look forward to offering amendments to improve this critical legislation," Senate Republican Leader Mitch McConnell said.

Congress is rushing to meet a mid-February deadline set by Obama for enacting the legislation aimed at lifting the economy out of a 13-month-long recession.

Obama said the economic stimulus bill will not be his only salve for the sick economy. He said he will soon move to thaw credit markets and overhaul financial regulations.

Despite talk of the two parties working together, tensions were obvious.

Senate Democratic Leader Harry Reid said he was "confident that we are going to get Republican support on the bill," but added that Republicans could "sit back and nit-pick" the legislation. If there is not a bipartisan vote, "it's not our fault," he said.

The House bill was touted as costing $825 billion, but might be closer to $819 billion when accounting for its future impact on the deficit. The Senate bill, with different tax components, would come close to $900 billion.

Obama says he wants to work with Republicans not only as he promotes the stimulus package but looks ahead to other major initiatives, such as expanding health care, stemming global warming and revamping the Social Security retirement program.

McConnell said a main goal for the Senate Republicans will be to increase the amount of tax cuts in the package so they amount to 40 percent of the overall measure, with the rest emergency spending.

The House-passed bill is closer to 33 percent being devoted to tax cuts -- not hugely different from McConnell's goal.

The Senate Republican leader's formula contrasted with what many House Republicans sought: only tax cuts and no new spending at all.

The Senate will begin its debate next week with fresh statistics that likely will underscore the dire shape of the U.S. economy.

Republican

n. (名詞 noun)

1.
共和黨員

a. (形容詞 adjective)

1.
共和黨的
Senate
n. (名詞 noun)[C]

1.
(大寫)(美國等的)參議院
This proposal was approved by both the House and the Senate.
這一建議得到了參、眾兩院的批准。
2.
立法機構;立法機構的全體成員
3.
(古羅馬的)元老院
4.
(某些大學的)評議會,理事會
5.
參議院的會議廳
compromise
n. (名詞 noun)

1.
妥協,和解[C][U][(+between)]
I hope we shall come to a compromise.
我希望我們能達成妥協。
2.
妥協方案,折衷辦法;折衷物[C]
The interior decoration of the house is a compromise between Chinese and foreign styles.
這所房子的內部裝飾是中西兩式的折衷物。
3.
連累,危及[S][(+of)]
She did it without compromise of her reputation.
她做這事而無損她的名譽。
4.
(原則等的)放棄[S][(+of)]

vt. (及物動詞 transitive verb)

1.
互讓解決(分歧等)
2.
連累,危及
You will compromise your good name if you associate with these people.
你如果與這些人交往就會損害你的好名聲。
3.
放棄(原則等);洩露(祕密等)
He refused to compromise his principles.
他拒絕放棄原則。

vi. (不及物動詞 intransitive verb)

1.
妥協,讓步[(+on)]
They found it wiser to compromise with her.
他們覺得與她妥協更明智。
stimulus
n. (名詞 noun)

1.
刺激;刺激品;興奮劑[C][(+to)]
Under the stimulus of this inspiring motive, she bustled about with new energy.
在這個令人振奮的動機刺激下,她精力充沛地忙碌著。
Praise is a stimulus for better work.
讚揚激勵人更努力地工作。
expect
vt. (及物動詞 transitive verb)

1.
預計...可能發生(或來到);預料;預期[+(that)][+to-v][O2]
He expected to finish the work by March.
他預期三月份完成這項工作。
We expected that you would succeed.
我們預計你會成功的。
2.
期待;等待;盼望
That's just what we expected.
那正是我們所期望的。
I'll expect you for supper at six o'clock.
我六點等你吃晚飯。
3.
認為理應得到;指望;要求[(+from)][O2]
Don't expect too much of him.
別對他期望過高。
I expect you to be punctual.
我要求你準時。
The professor expected respect from his students.
教授認為學生理應尊敬他。
4.
想;認為[W][Y][+(that)]
I expect you are right.
我想你是對的。

vi. (不及物動詞 intransitive verb)

1.
期待;預期
2.
(用進行式)懷孕,懷胎
Mary is expecting.
瑪麗懷孕了。
massive
a. (形容詞 adjective)

1.
大而重的,厚實的,粗大的
A massive boulder blocked the entrance of the cave.
一塊巨大的圓石堵住了山洞的入口。
2.
魁偉的,結實的;給人深刻印象的
He was stopped by a massive policeman.
一名身材魁梧的警察攔住了他。
3.
巨大的,大量的,大規模的
We have seen massive changes in recent years.
這幾年我們經歷了巨大的變化。
4.
(金,銀等)實心的[Z]
vice
a. (形容詞 adjective)

1.
副的;代替的
He is the vice-president in charge of sales.
他是負責銷售的副總經理。
provision
n. (名詞 noun)

1.
供應[U][(+of)]
Provision of shelter was their main concern for the disaster victims.
為災民提供避難處是他們最關切的事。
2.
預備;防備[U][(+for/against)]
He did not make any provision for his children's education.
他沒為孩子的教育作任何準備。
3.
食物;糧食;給養[P]
Provisions were kept in the storehouse.
食品放在倉庫裡。
4.
規定;條款[C][+(that)]
According to the provisions of this agreement, you must continue to work for them another two years.
按照協議的規定,你必須再為他們工作二年。

vt. (及物動詞 transitive verb)

1.
向...供應糧食(或必需品等)[(+for)]
negotiator
n. (名詞 noun)

1.
磋商者;交涉者
2.
出售者;交易者;轉讓者
deficit
n. (名詞 noun)

1.
不足額;赤字[C]
a foreign trade deficit
外貿逆差
rampant
a. (形容詞 adjective)

1.
繁茂的;蔓生的
2.
蔓延的;猖獗的
Sickness was rampant in the area.
該地區疾病蔓延。
3.
狂暴的,猛烈的,不能控制的
4.
(獅等)用後腳立起的,躍立的
undertake
vt. (及物動詞 transitive verb)

1.
試圖;著手做;進行,從事
We undertook a trip to the west.
我們到西部作了一次旅行。
2.
承擔,接受
The work was undertaken by members of the committee.
此項工作由委員會成員承擔。
3.
同意;答應;保證[Y][+to-v][+(that)]
I can not undertake that you will make a profit.
我不能擔保你會獲利。
amendment
n. (名詞 noun)

1.
改正,修正;改善[U][C]
Your plan needs some amendment.
你的計劃需要作些修正。
2.
(議案等的)修正案[C][(+to)]
An amendment to the United States Constitution limits the President to two full terms in office.
一項美國憲法修正案規定總統不能超過兩屆任期。
critical
a. (形容詞 adjective)

1.
緊要的,關鍵性的,危急的
That was a critical time in the nation's history.
那是涉及國家命運的一個關鍵時刻。
2.
批評的,批判的,評論性的
Your critical analysis helped me a great deal.
你的評論分析對我幫助很大。
3.
吹毛求疵的,愛挑剔的;對...表示不滿的[(+of)]
She is so critical that nobody can get along with her.
她很愛挑剔,沒有人能和她相處得來。
4.
必不可少的;緊缺而必須的
legislation
n. (名詞 noun)[U]

1.
制定法律,立法
Legislation is the duty of a congress.
立法是國會的職責。
2.
法律,法規
vote down legislation
否決法規
recession
n. (名詞 noun)

1.
後退;退回[U]
2.
凹處[C]
3.
(經濟的)衰退;衰退期[C][U]
His factory closed down during the period of economic recession.
他的工廠在經濟衰退時期關閉了。
4.
(唱師班等的)退場[U]
overhaul
vt. (及物動詞 transitive verb)

1.
拆開檢修,大修
The engines were overhauled completely before our departure.
在我們出發之前馬達都徹底檢修過。
2.
全面檢查
3.
趕上,追上
I had no chance of overhauling him.
我沒有趕上他的可能。

obvious
a. (形容詞 adjective)

1.
明顯的;顯著的[(+to)][+that]
It was quite obvious that she was not going home.
很顯然她不準備回家。
Her displeasure was obvious.
她的不悅是顯而易見的。
2.
平淡無奇的

bipartisan
兩個政黨的
component
n. (名詞 noun)

1.
(機器、設備等的)構成要素;零件;成分[C]
A computer consists of thousands of components.
電腦由成千上萬個部件組成。

a. (形容詞 adjective)

1.
組成的;構成的
component parts
零組件
initiative
n. (名詞 noun)

1.
主動的行動;倡議[C]
Charles is shy and does not take the initiative in making acquaintances.
查理斯怕羞,不會主動結交朋友。
2.
首創精神;進取心[U]
He did not have the initiative to start his own business.
他沒有自行開業的積極性。
3.
主動權[the S]
It was evident that they had lost the initiative.
顯然他們已喪失了主動權。
4.
【律】創制權,提議權[the S]

a. (形容詞 adjective)

1.
開始的;初步的;創始的
initiative prosperity
初步繁榮
retirement
n. (名詞 noun)

1.
退休;退職;退役[U][(+from)]
She took to painting after retirement.
她退休後愛上繪畫。
2.
退休的實例[C]
We've had two retirements in our office this year.
今年我們辦公室已有二人退休。
3.
退休生活;遁世,隱居[U][S1]
He lives in retirement, away from everyone.
他遠離大家隱居著。
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