200902091712english learning(32)Iran Marks the 30th Anniversary of Its Islamic Revolution

Iran is observing the thirtieth anniversary of the country's Islamic revolution with a ten-day celebration that began last Saturday. The nineteen seventy-nine revolution forced Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi out of power and made Ayatollah Khomeini the country's leader. The revolution replaced the country's monarchy with an Islamic religious government. Between two and three million Iranians left the country during and after the revolution.


An Iranian military member by a picture of the revolutionary founder, Ayatollah Khomeini near Tehran (file photo)
The revolution was meant to end a repressive rule. Yet pro-democracy reformists say the changes have not brought the freedom and justice for which many had hoped.

The anniversary celebration is called "Ten Days of Dawn." It comes about four months ahead of the nation's presidential elections in June. President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad is seeking re-election for another four-year term.

Also this week, the country launched its first Iranian-made satellite into space. President Ahmadinejad reportedly called the satellite launch "a message of brotherhood and peace" to the world. But the satellite launch caused international concern.

Western nations are concerned that Iran could use the missile technology to launch a nuclear weapon, which Iran is suspected of building. Iran says its nuclear program is only for peaceful purposes. The United States government said it will use "all elements" of its national power to deal with Iran.

On Wednesday, diplomats from six major powers met in Germany. They discussed steps to take in dealing with Iran and its nuclear program. The representatives from France, Germany, the United States, China, Russia and Britain said they would seek a diplomatic solution. They also urged Iran to honor the United Nations demands to stop enriching uranium and open its nuclear program to international inspectors.


Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki
Also this week, early results were announced from provincial elections held in neighboring Iraq. The results from last Saturday's elections show Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki's coalition won a strong victory over Shi'ite religious parties. Prime Minister Maliki is Shi'ite. But he has taken action against religious extremist military groups.

Fourteen of Iraq's eighteen provinces voted for ruling councils. It was the nation's first election since two thousand five. United Nations officials were heavily involved in planning the elections, which took place without any major violence. The elections are being seen as a vote on Mister Maliki's leadership ahead of national parliamentary elections to be held later this year.

In Washington, President Obama said the provincial elections were very important. He said they showed that Iraqis are ready to take over more of their own security.
Islamic
伊斯蘭教
Revolution
n. (名詞 noun)
革命,革命運動[C][U]
The American Revolution gave independence to the Colonies.
美國獨立戰爭使十三個州得到了獨立。
革命性劇變,大變革[C][(+in)]
The automobile caused a revolution in our way of traveling.
汽車使旅行的方式發生了革命性的變化。
(天體的)運行,公轉[C][U][(+round)]
One revolution of the earth around the sun takes a year.
地球繞太陽運行一周需一年時間。
迴轉,旋轉[C]
They spin at 400-500 revolutions per minute.
它們每分鐘旋轉四百到五百周。
循環,(一)週期[U][C]
The annual revolution of the earth round the sun causes the revolution of the seasons.
地球每年繞太陽公轉而形成四季循環。
observing
注意(或從事)觀察的
replace
vt. (及物動詞 transitive verb)
把...放回(原處)
She replaced the receiver.
她將聽筒放了回去。
取代;以...代替[(+with/by)]
The brakes have to be replaced.
煞車需要更換。
Electric lights have replaced candles.
電燈已經取代了蠟燭。
歸還;償還
I will replace the cup I broke.
我願用一個新杯子賠還我打碎的一隻。
monarchy
君主國[C]
Britain is a constitutional monarchy.
英國是一個實行君主立憲制的國家。
repressive
壓抑的;鎮壓的
democracy
n. (名詞 noun)
民主;民主主義;民主制度;民主政體[U]
民主國家[C]
A true democracy allows free speech.
真正的民主國家允許言論自由。
民眾
民主精神,民主作風[U]
The principal's democracy made him popular among teachers and students.
校長的民主作風使他受到師生的歡迎。
reformist
改革者;改良主義者
election
選舉;當選[U][C]
Her election to the board of directors caused great surprise.
她被選進董事會,令人大為吃驚。
launch
使(船)下水
The new ship was launched today.
新船今天下水了。
發射;投擲;使升空
The coach taught us how to launch a javelin.
教練教我們投標槍。
發動(戰爭等);開展(鬥爭等);發出(命令等);提出(抗議等)
The miners launched a strike.
礦工發動了一場罷工。
開辦;發起;使開始從事
We launched a new project.
我們開始從事一個新項目。
出版;將...投放市場
vi. (不及物動詞 intransitive verb)
開始;積極投入;猛力展開[(+into)]
Father and his partner launched into a new business.
父親與他的合夥人開辦了一家新商號。
(船)下水;出海;起飛
Our ship launched for Boston.
我們的船啟航駛往波士頓。
n. (名詞 noun)[theS]
(船的)下水;發射
the launch of a rocket
火箭的發射
發行;投放市場
satellite
【天】衛星
The number of known satellites in the solar system rose to 32.
太陽系裡已知的衛星數量增加到三十二個。
人造衛星
The space shuttle orbited a communications satellite.
太空梭將一顆通訊衛星送入軌道。
隨從,追隨者,諂媚者
Three thousand armed satellites escorted his steps.
三千名武裝隨從緊跟其後。
衛星國家,附庸國家
The former Russian satellites now turn to the West for help.
從前俄國的衛星國現在轉向西方要求援助。
衛星城鎮;衛星組織
The party consolidates its power by building up satellite organizations.
這個黨通過建立衛星組織鞏固它的權力。
附屬設備
輔助機場
reportedly
據傳聞
brotherhood
兄弟關係;手足之情[U]
Soldiers who are fighting together often have a strong feeling of brotherhood.
一起作戰的士兵相互間常懷有深厚的兄弟情誼。
同志關係[U]
兄弟會;同志會;同業公會;修士會[C]
(總稱)同行,同業;會友[the S][G]
the medical brotherhood
醫務界
四海之內皆兄弟的信念
suspecteD
有嫌疑的;被懷疑可能存在的
diplomats
外交官
diplomatic
a. (形容詞 adjective)
外交的;外交人員的[Z][B]
His father had been in the diplomatic service.
他的父親曾在外交部門供職。
有外交手腕的;說話辦事得體的;圓滑的
You'll have to be very diplomatic if you want him to approve of the plan.
如果你要他同意這個計劃,你必須十分注意策略。
研究古文書的;仿真本的
uranium
鈾[U]
provincial
省的[Z][B]
外省的,外地的[Z][B]
鄉氣的,粗野的;地方性的;偏狹的
His art is primitive and provincial.
他的藝術原始而粗野。
(傢俱等)樸素的;平常的
n. (名詞 noun)[C]
地方居民;外省人;鄉下人
興趣(或眼界)狹窄的人;粗野的人
extremist
極端主義者;過激分子[C]
The bomb was planted by right-wing extremists.
這顆炸彈是右翼極端分子放置
violence
n. (名詞 noun)[U]
暴力,暴力行為
The dictator ruled with violence.
獨裁者實施暴政。
激烈,猛烈
The wind blew with great violence.
風異常猛烈地吹著。
強力,猛勁
He flung the door open with violence.
他猛然將門打開。
施暴
狂熱,狂熱行為
冒犯;破壞
These modern boxlike buildings do violence to the beauty of the old city.
這些現代的盒式建築破壞了古城的美麗市容。
曲解,篡改
parliamentary
a. (形容詞 adjective)[Z][B]
議會的,國會的
He was adopted as a Liberal parliamentary candidate.
他被選為自由黨議員候選人。
議會制定(或頒佈)的
合乎議會法規的
議會政體的
security
n. (名詞 noun)
安全,安全感[U]
Two guards looked after the security of the property.
兩個警衛看管財產的安全。
防備,保安;防護,防禦(措施)[U][C][(+against/from)]
They tightened security during the President's visit.
他們在總統訪問期間加強了安全防衛。
保證;保障;擔保(品)[U][C]
A life-insurance policy may serve as security for a loan.
人壽保險可作貸款的抵押。
證券,債券[P]
He traded in securities and became rich.
他做證券交易發了財。
沒有上一則|日誌首頁|沒有下一則
回應
關鍵字
    沒有新回應!





Powered by Xuite
新資料夾