200901310044english learning(24)Obama, Congress seek deal on economic stimulus

Republicans in the U.S. Senate accepted on Thursday President Barack Obama's offer to search for a compromise on an economic stimulus bill that could end up costing around $900 billion, as long as tax cuts play a large role.

The Senate is expected to start considering the massive bill next week, following passage on Wednesday in the House of Representatives of a slightly smaller bill, without the support of a single Republican.




Vice President Joe Biden, in a possible bow to Republicans, said there could be changes in some of the bill's spending and tax provisions once House and Senate negotiators meet to work out a compromise bill next month.


If the U.S. fiscal picture was not bad enough, with budget deficits running rampant, there was yet another dark cloud on the horizon.


Sen. Charles Schumer, a senior member of the Senate Banking Committee, said that if Washington undertakes an effort to buy up bad assets from struggling U.S. banks, it could cost taxpayers up to $4 trillion.


But for now, the economic stimulus was center stage on Capitol Hill. "We look forward to offering amendments to improve this critical legislation," Senate Republican Leader Mitch McConnell said.


Congress is rushing to meet a mid-February deadline set by Obama for enacting the legislation aimed at lifting the economy out of a 13-month-long recession.


Obama said the economic stimulus bill will not be his only salve for the sick economy. He said he will soon move to thaw credit markets and overhaul financial regulations.


Despite talk of the two parties working together, tensions were obvious.


Senate Democratic Leader Harry Reid said he was "confident that we are going to get Republican support on the bill," but added that Republicans could "sit back and nit-pick" the legislation. If there is not a bipartisan vote, "it's not our fault," he said.


The House bill was touted as costing $825 billion, but might be closer to $819 billion when accounting for its future impact on the deficit. The Senate bill, with different tax components, would come close to $900 billion.


Obama says he wants to work with Republicans not only as he promotes the stimulus package but looks ahead to other major initiatives, such as expanding health care, stemming global warming and revamping the Social Security retirement program.


McConnell said a main goal for the Senate Republicans will be to increase the amount of tax cuts in the package so they amount to 40 percent of the overall measure, with the rest emergency spending.


The House-passed bill is closer to 33 percent being devoted to tax cuts -- not hugely different from McConnell's goal.


The Senate Republican leader's formula contrasted with what many House Republicans sought: only tax cuts and no new spending at all.


The Senate will begin its debate next week with fresh statistics that likely will underscore the dire shape of the U.S. economy.

Congress
(正式)會議;代表大會[C][U]
a medical congress on AIDS
討論愛滋病的醫學會議
立法機關[C][U]
the congress of Chile
智利的最高立法機關
(C-)美國國會[E]
a Member of Congress
美國國會議員
聚會;交往;人群[U][C]
a congress of refugees
一群難民
協會[C]
stimulus
刺激;刺激品;興奮劑[C][(+to)]
Under the stimulus of this inspiring motive, she bustled about with new energy.
在這個令人振奮的動機刺激下,她精力充沛地忙碌著。
Praise is a stimulus for better work.
讚揚激勵人更努力地工作。
Republican
共和黨
Senate
(大寫)(美國等的)參議院
This proposal was approved by both the House and the Senate.
這一建議得到了參、眾兩院的批准
role
角色
She played the leading role in the school play.
她在學校的戲裡扮演主角。
作用,任務
He denied any role in the robbery.
他否認曾參與這起搶劫案。
expected
(用作定語)預期要發生的;期待中的
massive
大而重的,厚實的,粗大的
A massive boulder blocked the entrance of the cave.
一塊巨大的圓石堵住了山洞的入口。
魁偉的,結實的;給人深刻印象的
He was stopped by a massive policeman.
一名身材魁梧的警察攔住了他。
巨大的,大量的,大規模的
We have seen massive changes in recent years.
這幾年我們經歷了巨大的變化。
(金,銀等)實心的[Z]
slightly
輕微地;稍微地;微小地
White wine should be slightly chilled.
白葡萄酒應稍微冰一下。
纖細地;嬌弱地;瘦小地
Gray is rather slightly built.
格雷長得瘦小。
Vice
副的;代替的
He is the vice-president in charge of sales.
他是負責銷售的副總經理。
provision
供應[U][(+of)]
Provision of shelter was their main concern for the disaster victims.
為災民提供避難處是他們最關切的事。
預備;防備[U][(+for/against)]
He did not make any provision for his children's education.
他沒為孩子的教育作任何準備。
食物;糧食;給養[P]
Provisions were kept in the storehouse.
食品放在倉庫裡。
規定;條款[C][+(that)]
According to the provisions of this agreement, you must continue to work for them another two years.
按照協議的規定,你必須再為他們工作二年。
vt. (及物動詞 transitive verb)
向...供應糧食(或必需品等)[(+for)]
negotiator
交售者
fiscal
財政的;會計的
The U.S. government fiscal year legally ends on September 30.
美國政府會計年度法定為九月三十日結束。
國庫的
rampant
繁茂的;蔓生的
蔓延的;猖獗的
Sickness was rampant in the area.
該地區疾病蔓延。
狂暴的,猛烈的,不能控制的
(獅等)用後腳立起的,躍立的
horizon
地平線[the S]
The sun has risen above the horizon.
太陽已從地平線升起。
At last, they saw an island on the horizon.
終於他們見到地平線上有一個島。
(知識,經驗等的)範圍;眼界;視野[C]
Good novels broaden your horizons.
好小說開闊人的眼界。
undertake
試圖;著手做;進行,從事
We undertook a trip to the west.
我們到西部作了一次旅行。
承擔,接受
The work was undertaken by members of the committee.
此項工作由委員會成員承擔。
同意;答應;保證[Y][+to-v][+(that)]
I can not undertake that you will make a profit.
我不能擔保你會獲利。
taxpayer
納稅人
amendment
改正,修正;改善[U][C]
Your plan needs some amendment.
你的計劃需要作些修正。
(議案等的)修正案[C][(+to)]
An amendment to the United States Constitution limits the President to two full terms in office.
一項美國憲法修正案規定總統不能超過兩屆任期。
critical
緊要的,關鍵性的,危急的
That was a critical time in the nation's history.
那是涉及國家命運的一個關鍵時刻。
批評的,批判的,評論性的
Your critical analysis helped me a great deal.
你的評論分析對我幫助很大。
吹毛求疵的,愛挑剔的;對...表示不滿的[(+of)]
She is so critical that nobody can get along with her.
她很愛挑剔,沒有人能和她相處得來。
必不可少的;緊缺而必須的
legislation
制定法律,立法
Legislation is the duty of a congress.
立法是國會的職責。
法律,法規
vote down legislation
否決法規
deadline
截止期限,最後限期
Can they finish this before the deadline?
他們能不能在最後期限之前完成這項工作?
The deadline for making an application is next Friday.
申請於下星期五截止。
(報紙等的)截稿時間
The reporter's deadline was 8 P.M. for the morning edition.
記者給上午版發稿的截止時間是(前一天的)下午八點。
(監獄周圍的)死線
不可逾越的界線
thaw
(冰,雪等)融化,融解;解凍[(+out)]
The snow had thawed.
雪化了。
(天氣)變暖和(使冰雪融化)
It was thawing fast.
天氣轉暖,冰雪融化很快。
變得隨和,變得不拘束,變得融洽
After a good dinner he began to thaw.
吃過一頓美餐後,他開始變得隨和了。
vt. (及物動詞 transitive verb)[(+out)]
使融化,使融解,使解凍
The sun soon thawed the ice on the river.
太陽很快融化了河上的冰層。
使變得不拘束,使融洽
A cup of tea helped to thaw out our guest.
一杯茶有助於我們的客人變得不拘束。
n. (名詞 noun)
融化,解凍;(態度,關係等)緩和[C][S1]
The spring thaw often caused flooding.
春天解凍常常引起洪水泛濫。
解凍時期,解凍季節[S]
overhaul
拆開檢修,大修
The engines were overhauled completely before our departure.
在我們出發之前馬達都徹底檢修過。
全面檢查
趕上,追上
I had no chance of overhauling him.
我沒有趕上他的可能。
regulation
規章;規則,規定;條例[C]
He was fined for breaking traffic regulations.
他因違反交通規則而被罰款。
管理;調整,調節;校準[U]
the regulation of heat
調節暖氣
a. (形容詞 adjective)
標準的;正規的,正式的
drive at a regulation speed
按規定速度行駛
普通的,一般的
Despite
n. (名詞 noun)[U]
惡意;怨恨
侮辱;損害
prep. (介係詞 preposition)
不管,儘管,任憑
He went to work despite his illness.
儘管生病,他還是去工作。
Despite advanced years, she is learning to drive.
儘管年事已高,她還在學開車。
obvious
明顯的;顯著的[(+to)][+that]
It was quite obvious that she was not going home.
很顯然她不準備回家。
Her displeasure was obvious.
她的不悅是顯而易見的。
平淡無奇的
Democratic
a. (形容詞 adjective)
民主的;民主主義的,民主政治的;民主政體的
a democratic country
民主國家
大眾的,民眾的
a democratic art form
大眾喜聞樂見的藝術形式
有民主精神的;平等待人的
(大寫)(美國)民主黨的
The Democratic primary was held this month.
民主黨候選人初選於本月舉行。
bipartisan
兩個政黨
impact
衝擊,撞擊,碰撞[U]
The impact of the stone against the windowpane shattered the glass.
石頭撞擊窗戶打碎了玻璃。
衝擊力,撞擊力[U]
影響;作用[S1][(+on)]
The book made a great impact on its readers.
這本書對讀者有很大的影響。
component
(機器、設備等的)構成要素;零件;成分[C]
A computer consists of thousands of components.
電腦由成千上萬個部件組成。
a. (形容詞 adjective)
組成的;構成的
component parts
零組件
deficit
赤字
retirement
退休;退職;退役[U][(+from)]
She took to painting after retirement.
她退休後愛上繪畫。
退休的實例[C]
We've had two retirements in our office this year.
今年我們辦公室已有二人退休。
退休生活;遁世,隱居[U][S1]
He lives in retirement, away from everyone.
他遠離大家隱居著。
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