201605131215"the four-stage of dying" theory(瀕死四階段理論)

I (He-Ping Cheng) proposed "the four-stage of dying" theory:

The first stage is the orderless brainwaves period. If the dying survived from this stage, there may be life review and unpleasant near-death experience. The second stage is the weak brainwaves period. If the dying survived from this stage, there may not have any memory. This is the stage when most people survived from dying. The third stage is the surges of brainwaves period(γ neural oscillation). Brain starts its all "defense mechanism", and secretes neurotransmitters. These neurotransmitters will release countless images and sensory information, resulting in pleasant near-death experience. The fourth stage is the termination of brainwaves period. This is the determination of death.  The theory will be confirmed or corrected in the future.

Reasons:

1.  In 2009,Lakhmir S. Chawla found the surges of brainwaves(γ neural oscillation) in dying patients(60-100Hz):

http://online.liebertpub.com/doi/abs/10.1089/jpm.2009.0159

http://online.liebertpub.com/doi/pdfplus/10.1089/jpm.2009.0159

2.  The γ neural oscillation was already found in Long-term meditators in 2004(80-130Hz):

http://www.pnas.org/content/101/46/16369.full

3.  In 2013,Jimo Borjigin found four states of brainwaves including γ neural oscillation in dying rats. :

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3761619/

4.  Near-death experiences have two types:pleasant cases are more than unpleasant cases:

http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2015/04/the-science-of-near-death-experiences/386231/

我(成和平)提出「瀕死四階段」理論:

第一階段是腦波混亂期,若瀕死者從此階段存活,可能有一生回顧與負面的瀕死經驗。第二階段是腦波微弱期,若從此階段存活,可能沒有任何記憶,大多數瀕死存活者屬於此類。第三階段是腦波激增期,大腦開動其全部「防禦機制」,大量分泌神經傳遞素,這些神經傳遞素又會釋放出無數影像和感覺信息,造成正面的瀕死經驗。第四階段是腦波停止期,進入此階段即確定死亡。尚待日後證實或修正。

理由:

1.人與鼠的瀕死腦波已發現劇烈的「γ波經震蕩」(60-100Hz)

2.某些僧侶的正面冥想也出現劇烈的γ波神經震蕩(80-130Hz)

3.老鼠的瀕死腦波已發現有四個狀態

4.瀕死經驗報告,只占瀕死存活者的10~20%,而有23%是負面經驗

詳情請看:

http://www.books.com.tw/products/0010710989

回應

http://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E6%88%90%E5%92%8C%E5%B9%B3

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