201207022149101年指考英文科題目

 

 

 

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101學年度指定科目考試試題

 

 

 

 

英文考科

 

 

 

 

 

 

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考試時間:80分鐘 作答方式:

˙選擇題用 2B  鉛筆「答案卡上作更正

以橡皮擦擦拭,切勿使用修正液(帶)。

˙非選擇題用筆尖較粗之黑色墨水的筆「答案卷上 作答;更正時,可以使用修正液(帶)。

˙未依規定畫記答案卡,致機器掃描無法辨識答案;或 未使用黑色墨水的筆書寫答案卷,評閱人員無法辨 認機器掃描後之答案者,其後果由考生自行承擔。

˙答案卷每人一張,不得要求增補。


 

 

72 

  10  )

說明︰第1題至第10題,每題4個選,其中只有一個是正確或最適當的選項,請 畫記在答案卡之「選擇題答案區」。各題答對者,得1分;答錯、未作答或 畫記多於一個選項者,該題以零分計算。

 

1.   Since it hasn’t rained for months, there is a water         in many parts of the country.

(A) resource                     (B) deposit                      (C) shortage                    (D) formula

2.   The problem with Larry is that he doesn’t know his limitations; he just            he can do everything. (A) convinces                                        (B) disguises                   (C) assumes                    (D) evaluates

3.   Agnes seems to have a        personality. Almost everyone is immediately attracted to her when they first see her.

(A) clumsy                       (B) durable                     (C) furious                      (D) magnetic

4.   Jason always        in finishing a task no matter how difficult it may be. He hates to quit halfway in anything he does.

(A) persists                       (B) motivates                  (C) fascinates                 (D) sacrifices

5.   Poor         has caused millions of deaths in developing countries where there is only a limited amount of food.

(A) reputation                   (B) nutrition                    (C) construction              (D) stimulation

6.   The helicopters         over the sea, looking for the divers who had been missing for more than 30 hours.

(A) tackled                       (B) rustled                      (C) strolled                      (D) hovered

7.   One of the tourist attractions in Japan is its hot spring         , where guests can enjoy relaxing baths and beautiful views.

(A) resorts                        (B) hermits                     (C) galleries                    (D) faculties

8.    When a young child goes out and commits a crime, it is usually the parents who should be held                          

for the child’s conduct.

(A) eligible                        (B) dispensable               (C) credible                     (D) accountable

9.   Since you have not decided on the topic of your composition, it’s still              to talk about how to write your conclusion.

(A) preventive                  (B) premature                 (C) productive                 (D) progressive

10. Human rights are fundamental rights to which a person is               entitled, that is, rights that she or he is born with.

(A) inherently                   (B) imperatively              (C) authentically              (D) alternatively

  10  )

說明︰第11題至第20題,每題一個空,請依文意選出最適當的一個選項請畫記 在答案卡之「選擇題答案區」。各題答對者,得1分;答錯、未作答或畫記 多於一個選項者,該題以零分計算。

 

11  15 題為題組

 

The Nobel Peace Center is located in an old train station building close to the Oslo City Hall and overlooking the harbor.  It was officially opened on June 11, 2005 as part of the celebrations to                                          11      Norways centenary as an independent country. It is a center where you can experience and learn about the various Nobel Peace Prize Laureates and their activities    12    the remarkable history of Alfred


 

 

Nobel, the founder of the Nobel Prize. In addition, it serves as a meeting place where exhibits, discussions, and reflections     1  to war, peace, and conflict resolution are in focus. The Center combines exhibits and films with digital communication and interactive installations and has already received attention for its use of state-of-the-art technology. Visitors are welcome to experience the Center    14    or join a guided tour. Since its opening, the Nobel Peace Center has been educating, inspiring and entertaining its visitors     15    exhibitions, activities, lectures, and cultural events. The Center is financed by private and

public institutions.

11.

(A) help

(B) solve

(C) take

(D) mark

12.

(A) so much as

(B) as well as

(C) in spite of

(D) on behalf of

13.

(A) related

(B) limited

(C) addicted

(D) contributed

14.

(A) in this regard

(B) one on one

(C) on their own

(D) by and large

15.

(A) among

(B) regarding

(C) including

(D) through

16  20 題為題組

 

In 1985, a riot at a Brussels soccer match occurred, in which many fans lost their lives. The     16     began 45 minutes before the start of the European Cup final.  The British team was scheduled to    17     the Italian team in the game. Noisy British fans, after setting off some rockets and fireworks to cheer for

    1  team, broke through a thin wire fence and started to attack the Italian fans. The Italians, in panic,

    1  the main exit in their section when a six-foot concrete wall collapsed.

By the end of the night, 38 soccer fans had died and 437 were injured. The majority of the deaths resulted from people     20    trampled underfoot or crushed against barriers in the stadium. As a result of this 1985 soccer incident, security measures have since been tightened at major sports competitions to prevent similar events from happening.

16.

(A) circumstance

(B) sequence

(C) tragedy

(D) phenomenon

17.

(A) oppose to

(B) fight over

(C) battle for

(D) compete against

18.

(A) a

(B) that

(C) each

(D) their

19.

(A) headed for

(B) backed up

(C) called out

(D) passed on

20.

(A) be

(B) been

(C) being

(D) to be

 

10 

說明:第21題至第30題,每題一個空格,請依文意在文章後所提供(A)(L)選項 中分別選出最適當者,並將其英文母代號畫記在答案卡之「選擇題答案 區」。各題答對者,得1分;答錯、未作答或畫記多於一個選項者,該題以 零分計算。

 

21  30 題為題組

 

The Taiwanese puppet show (“Budaixi”) is a distinguished form of performing arts in Taiwan. Although basically hand puppets, the    21    appear as complete forms, with hands and feet, on an elaborately decorated stage.

The puppet performance is typically     22    by a small orchestra. The backstage music is directed by the drum player. The drummer needs to pay attention to what is going on in the plot and follow the rhythm of the characters. He also uses the drum to    23    the other musicians. There are generally around four to five musicians who perform the backstage music. The form of music used is often associated with various performance     24   , including acrobatics and skills like window-jumping, stage movement, and fighting. Sometimes unusual animal puppets also appear on stage for extra    2 , especially for children in the audience.


 

 

In general, a show needs two performers. The main performer is generally the chief or     26    of the troupe. He is the one in charge of the whole show, manipulating the main puppets, singing, and narrating. The     27    performer manipulates the puppets to coordinate with the main performer. He also changes the costumes of the puppets, and takes care of the stage. The relationship between the main performer and his partner is one of master and apprentice. Frequently, the master trains his sons to eventually     28     him as puppet masters.

Budaixi troupes are often hired to perform at processions and festivals held in honor of local gods, and on happy      29     such as weddings, births, and promotions.   The main purpose of Budaixi is to

    3  and offer thanks to the deities. The shows also serve as a popular means of folk entertainment.

 

(A) attracted

(B) appeal

(C) accompanied

(D) conduct

(E) director

(F) figures

(G) occasions

(H) succeed

(I) transparent

(J) supporting

(K) techniques

(L) worship

 

10 

說明:第31題至第35題,每題一個空格。請依文意在文章後所提供(A)(F)選項 中分別選出最適當者,填入空格中使篇章結構清晰有條理,並將其英母代號畫記在答案卡之「選擇題答案區」。各題答對者,得2分;答錯、未 作答或畫記多於一個選項者,該題以零分計算。

 

31  35 題為題組

 

All advertising includes an attempt to persuade.    3  Even if an advertisement claims to be purely informational, it still has persuasion at its core. The ad informs the consumers with one purpose: to get the consumer to like the brand and, on that basis, to eventually buy the brand. Without this persuasive intent, communication about a product might be news, but it would not be advertising.

Advertising can be persuasive communication not only about a product but also an idea or a person.

    32    Although political ads are supposed to be concerned with the public welfare, they are paid for and they all have a persuasive intent.    3  A Bush campaign ad, for instance, did not ask anyone to buy anything, yet it attempted to persuade American citizens to view George Bush favorably.     34    Critics of President Clintons health care plan used advertising to influence lawmakers and defeat the government’s plan.

    3  For instance, the international organization Greenpeace uses advertising to get their message out. In the ads, they warn people about serious pollution problems and the urgency of protecting the environment. They, too, are selling something and trying to make a point.

 

(A) Political advertising is one example.

(B) To put it another way, ads are communication designed to get someone to do something.

(C) Advertising can be the most important source of income for the media through which it is conducted.

(D) They differ from commercial ads in that political ads “sell” candidates rather than commercial goods.

(E) Aside from campaign advertising, political advertising is also used to persuade people to support or oppose proposals.

(F) In addition to political parties, environmental groups and human rights organizations also buy advertising to persuade people to accept their way of thinking.


 

 

32 

說明︰第36題至第51題,每題請分別根據各篇文章之文選出最適當的一個選項, 請畫記在答案卡之「選擇題答案區」。各題答對者,得2分;答錯、未作答 或畫記多於一個選項者,該題以零分計算。

 

36  39 題為題組

 

A sense of humor is something highly valued. A person who has a great sense of humor is often considered to be happy and socially confident. However, humor is a double-edged sword. It can forge better relationships and help you cope with life, but sometimes it can also damage self-esteem and antagonize others.

People who use bonding humor tell jokes and generally lighten the mood. They’re perceived as being good at reducing the tension in uncomfortable situations. They often make fun of their common experiences, and sometimes they may even laugh off their own misfortunes. The basic message they deliver is: We’re all alike, we find the same things funny, and we’re all in this together.

Put-down humor, on the other hand, is an aggressive type of humor used to criticize and manipulate others through teasing. When its aimed against politicians, as it often is, its hilarious and mostly harmless. But in the real world, it may have a harmful impact. An example of such humor is telling friends an embarrassing story about another friend. When challenged about their teasing, the put-down jokers might claim that they are “just kidding,” thus allowing themselves to avoid responsibility. This type of humor, though considered by some people to be socially acceptable, may hurt the feelings of the one being teased and thus take a toll on personal relationships.

Finally, in hate-me humor, the joker is the target of the joke for the amusement of others. This type of humor was used by comedians John Belushi and Chris Farley—both of whom suffered for their success in show business. A small dose of such humor is charming, but routinely offering oneself up to be humiliated erodes ones self-respect, and fosters depression and anxiety.

So it seems that being funny isnt necessarily an indicator of good social skills and well-being. In certain cases, it may actually have a negative impact on interpersonal relationships.

36. According to the passage, which group is among the common targets of put-down humor?

(A) Comedians.                                                      (B) People who tell jokes.

(C) Politicians.                                                        (D) People who are friendly to others.

37. How can people create a relaxing atmosphere through bonding humor? (A) By laughing at other people’s misfortunes.

(B) By joking about experiences that they all have. (C) By revealing their own personal relationships.

(D) By making fun of unique experiences of their friends.

38. According to the passage, which of the following is true about John Belushi and Chris Farley? (A) They suffered from over-dosage of anxiety pills.

(B) They often humiliated other people on the stage.

(C) They were successful in their careers as comedians.

(D) They managed to rebuild their self-respect from their shows.

39. What is the message that the author is trying to convey? (A) Humor deserves to be studied carefully.

(B) Humor has both its bright side and dark side. (C) Humor is a highly valued personality trait.

(D) Humor can be learned in many different ways.


 

 

40  43 題為題組

On June 23, 2010, a Sunny Airlines captain with 32 years of experience stopped his flight from departing. He was deeply concerned about a balky power component that might eliminate all electrical power on his trans-Pacific flight. Despite his valid concerns, Sunny Airlines’ management pressured him to fly the airplane, over the ocean, at night. When he refused to jeopardize the safety of his passengers, Sunny Airlines’ security escorted him out of the airport, and threatened to arrest his crew if they did not cooperate.

Besides that, five more Sunny Airlines pilots also refused to fly the aircraft, citing their own concerns about the safety of the plane. It turned out the pilots were right: the power component was faulty and the plane was removed from service and, finally, fixed. Eventually a third crew operated the flight, hours later. In this whole process, Sunny Airlines pressured their highly experienced pilots to ignore their safety concerns and fly passengers over the Pacific Ocean at night in a plane that needed maintenance. Fortunately for all of us, these pilots stood strong and would not be intimidated.

Dont just take our word that this happened. Please research this yourself and learn the facts. Heres a starting point: www.SunnyAirlinePilot.org. Once you review this shocking information, please keep in mind that while their use of Corporate Security to remove a pilot from the airport is a new procedure, the intimidation of flight crews is becoming commonplace at Sunny Airlines, with documented events occurring on a weekly basis.

The flying public deserves the highest levels of safety. No airlines should maximize their revenues by pushing their employees to  move their airplanes regardless of  the potential human cost. Sunny Airlines’ pilots are committed to resisting any practices that compromise your safety for economic gain. We’ve been trying to fix these problems behind the scenes for quite some time; now we need your help. Go to www.SunnyAirlinePilot.org to get more information and find out what you can do.

40. According to the passage, what happened to the captain after he refused to fly the aircraft?

(A) He was asked to find another pilot to replace his position.

(B) He was forced to leave the airport by security staff of Sunny Airlines.

(C) He was made to help the Airlines find out what was wrong with the plane. (D) He was fired for refusing to fly the plane and abandoning the passengers.

41. What is the main purpose of the passage? (A) To maximize Sunny Airlines’ revenues.

(B) To introduce Sunny Airlines’ pilot training programs. (C) To review plans for improving Sunny Airlines service.

(D) To expose problems with Sunny Airlines’ security practices.

42. What happened to the aircraft after the pilots refused to operate the flight? (A) It was found to be too old for any more flight service.

(B) Its mechanical problem was detected and finally repaired. (C) It was removed from the airport for a week-long checkup.

(D) Its power component problem remained and no crew would operate the flight.

43. By whom was the passage most likely written? (A) Sunny Airlines security guards.

(B) Sunny Airlines personnel manager.

(C) Members of Sunny Airlines pilot organization.

(D) One of the passengers of the Sunny Airlines flight.

44 47 題為題組

Angry Birds is a video game developed by Finnish computer game developer Rovio Mobile. Inspired primarily by a sketch of stylized wingless birds, the game was first released for Apples mobile operating


 

 

system in December 2009. Since then, over 12 million copies of the game have been purchased from

Apples App Store.

With its fast-growing popularity worldwide, the game and its characters—angry birds and their enemy pigs—have been referenced in television programs throughout the world.   The Israeli comedy A   Wonderful  Country,  one  of  the  nations  most  popular  TV  programs,  satirized  recent  failed Israeli-Palestinian peace attempts by featuring the Angry Birds in peace negotiations with the pigs. Clips of the segment went viral, getting viewers from all around the world. American television hosts Conan OBrien, Jon Stewart, and Daniel Tosh have referenced the game in comedy sketches on their respective series, Conan, The Daily Show, and Tosh.0. Some of the games more notable fans include Prime Minister David Cameron of the United Kingdom, who plays the iPad version of the game, and author Salman Rushdie, who is believed to be “something of a master at Angry Birds.

Angry Birds and its characters have also been featured in advertisements in different forms. In March

2011, the characters began appearing in a series of advertisements for Microsofts Bing search engine. In the same year, Nokia projected an advertisement in Austin, Texas that included the games characters on a downtown building for its new handset. Later, a T-Mobile advertisement filmed in Spain included a real-life mock-up of the game in a city plaza. Nokia also used the game in Malaysia to promote an attempt to set a world record for the largest number of people playing a single mobile game.

Angry Birds has even inspired works of philosophical analogy. A five-part essay entitled “Angry Birds Yoga—How to Eliminate the Green Pigs in Your Life” was written by Giridhari Dasar in Brazil, utilizing the characters and gameplay mechanics to interpret various concepts of yoga philosophy. The piece attracted much media attention for its unique method of philosophical presentation.

44. What is the purpose of the passage?

(A) To explain how the video game Angry Birds was devised.

(B) To investigate why Angry Birds has quickly become well-liked.

(C) To introduce Angry Birds characters in TV programs and advertisements. (D) To report on the spread of Angry Birds in different media around the world.

45. Which of the following is closest in meaning to the word viral in the second paragraph? (A) Apparent.                                        (B) Sarcastic.                  (C) Exciting.                   (D) Popular.

46. According to the passage, which of the following people is good at playing Angry Birds?

(A) Giridhari Dasar.          (B) Conan O’Brien.         (C) Salman Rushdie.        (D) Daniel Tosh.

47. Which of the following is true about the use of Angry Birds, according to the passage? (A) It has been cited by UK Prime Minister to illustrate political issues.

(B) Its characters are used in advertisements mainly for Apple’s products.

(C) Its real-life mock-up has appeared in an advertisement for mobile phones. (D) It has been developed into a film about the life of a Brazilian yoga master.

48 51 題為題組

 

Demolition is the tearing-down of buildings and other structures. You can level a five-story building easily with excavators and wrecking balls, but when you need to bring down a 20-story skyscraper, explosive demolition is the preferred method for safely demolishing the huge structure.

In order to demolish a building safely, blasters must map out a careful plan ahead of time. The first step is to examine architectural blueprints of the building to determine how the building is put together. Next, the blaster crew tours the building, jotting down notes about the support structure on each floor. Once they have gathered all the data they need, the blasters devise a plan of attack. They decide what explosives to use, where to position them in the building, and how to time their explosions.

Generally speaking, blasters will explode the major support columns on the lower floors first and then on a few upper stories. In a 20-story building, the blasters might blow the columns on the first and


 

 

second floor, as well as the 12th and 15th floors. In most cases, blowing the support structures on the lower floors is sufficient for collapsing the building, but loading explosives on upper floors helps break the building material into smaller pieces as it falls. This makes for easier cleanup following the blast. The main challenge in bringing a building down is controlling the direction in which it falls. To topple the building towards the north, the blasters set off explosives on the north side of the building first. By controlling the way it collapses, a blasting crew will be able to tumble the building over on one side, into a parking lot or other open area. This sort of blast is the easiest to execute, and it is generally the safest way to go.

48. What do the blasters need to do in preparing for the demolition of a building, according to the

passage?

(A) Study the structure of the building.                      (B) Hire an experienced tour guide. (C) Make a miniature of the building.                                          (D) Consult the original architect.

49. In most cases, where does the explosion start in the building during its destruction?

(A) The topmost layer.      (B) The upper floors.       (C) The lower levels.       (D) The basement.

50. According to the following diagram, which part of the  target  building  should  the  demolition  team


explode first to safely bring it down?

(A) The east side.             (B) The west side. (C) The south side.        (D) The north side.

51. What is the passage mainly about?

(A) How to execute demolition at the right time. (B) How to collapse a building with explosives. (C) How to use explosives for different purposes.

(D) How to destroy a building with minimum manpower.



 

 

28 

說明:本部分共有二題,請依各題指示作答答案必須寫在「答案卷」上,並標明 大題號(一、二。作答務必使用筆尖較粗之黑色墨水的筆書寫,且不使

用鉛筆。

  8  )

明:1.請將以下中文句子譯成正順、達意的英答案寫答案

2.請依序作答,並標明子題號(12)。每題4分,8分。

 

1.   些我安全食品有對害的分。

2.   了我的健購買我們閱讀的說

 

 

  20  )

說明︰1.依提示在「答案卷」上寫一篇英文作文。

2.文長至少120個單詞words)。

 

示:請以動為題,一篇至少 120 的文章,明你事的麼。

第一段描這項運動何進行(地點、活方式、及能需要的關用品第二段說 你從運動及這對你影響。

 

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