201612191704Who betrayed Anne Frank?
It's a mystery that persists more than 70 years after police may hut sua medela co tot khong came to the Amsterdam building where Anne Frank and seven other inhabitants of the secret annex had been hiding.
The familiar story is that the police had been tipped off by an anonymous caller in a clear case of betrayal leading to the arrests on August 4, 1944.
But new research at the Anne Frank House re-evaluates that assumption.
Perhaps the Sicherheitsdienst or SD (German Security Service) didn't come to hunt for Jews that day, but inadvertently found the two families in hiding while investigating another matter.
The researcher wrote: "In this new study, the Anne Frank House has not focused on the betrayal but on the raid itself: why did this raid take place, based on what information, and from where did this information originate?"
There had been illegal work and fraud with ration coupons taking place in the building, the study found. Two salesmen who worked in the building had been arrested for dealing in ration coupons. They worked for a company that dealt with raw materials for the food industry.
In April 1944, Frank referred to the pair's arrest in her diary, writing that they had "been caught, so we have no coupons." This suggested that the inhabitants of the annex had gotten at least some of their rations from those two salesmen.
A company where people were working illegally and two sales representatives were arrested for dealing in ration coupons obviously ran the risk of attracting the attention of the authorities," wrote Gertjan Broek, researcher at the Anne Frank House.
The study suggests that this illegal work may have brought police over and that they discovered the annex and the people inside by chance. While it doesn't refute the possibility may hut sua medela mua o dau of betrayal, the study suggests a new theory.
he study also raises the following points:
- The primary roles of least two of the three policemen known to have been involved in the arrests were not to search for and arrest Jews. One worked on cash and jewelry thefts. Another worked in a division tasked to crack down on economic crimes and the illegal distribution of ration coupons and meat.
- The phone number used to call the Sicherheitsdienst was not listed. Most private use of telephone lines had been cut off during wartime. "This creates a real possibility that the call, if it actually took place, came from another government agency," the study says.
- It took more than two hours when the police arrived and departed, which is "longer than necessary for rounding up betrayed Jews in hiding," according to the research. During that raid, two other people came and left the building without any trouble while the authorities were there. "If the authorities came specifically to arrest the people in hiding it seems unlikely they would have let anyone get away dia chi ban may hut sua medela."